|General Discipline (SSD)||IUS/08|
|Total Lesson Hours||60|
|Course Contents||The course consists of two parts: the first devoted to set the Italian constitutional system in the European legal area; the second focused on a list of court cases from both the European Court of Human Rights and the Court of Justice of the European Union, with the aim of reconstructing the system of fundamental right protection in the same context.|
|Reference Books||V. Barsotti, P.G. Carozza, M. Cartabia, A. Simoncini, Italian Constitutional Justice in Global Context, OUP, 2016|
One textbook between:
- Valerio Onida et al., Constitutional Law in Italy, Wolters Kluver 2013, pp. 267-336.
- Giuseppe Franco Ferrari (Ed.), Introduction to Italian Public Law, Giuffrè Editore 2008, pp. 255-276.
Selected readings from: Giorgio Repetto (Ed.), The Constitutional Relevance of the ECHR in Domestic and European Law, Intersentia 2013.
Further materials will be distributed during the class.
|Course Formative Objectives||The scope of the course is to give a comprehensive overview of the interactions between the Italian constitutional system and those of the European Union and of the Council of Europe. Particular attention will be paid to the role of the Italian Constitutional Court and to the degree of protection granted to rights by courts at the different levels. The use of court cases in the lectures will facilitate students to deal with first-hand materials, most of which available in multilingual versions. In particular, classes focused on decisions of the Italian Constitutional Court will operate both on texts in Italian and in their English translations, when available, facilitating students in acquiring familiarity with vocabulary and practice useful for their perspective academic and professional careers.|
|Prerequisites||Basic knowledge of Italian constitutional law, as acquired in Diritto costituzionale 1|
|Teaching Method||Students will be involved to actively participate to class discussions of the cases, also by selecting for each class a small group of discussion leaders in charge of presenting the case to the class.|
|Assessment Method||At the end of the first part of the course, students may submit – on voluntary basis – a written test. |
Final exam will be oral.
|Criteria For Deciding On Subject Of Final Paper||Minimum marx 27/30|
Specific interest in Italian constitutional system and its evolution
|Extended Program And Reference Reading Material|
|Week 1||Introduction to the course|
The Italian Constitutional justice. The hybridization of the classical Kelsenian model
V. Barsotti, P.G. Carozza, M. Cartabia, A. Simoncini, Italian Constitutional Justice in Global Context, OUP, 2016, Part I, Chapter 2
(case: Italian Constitutional court, decision no. 1/56)
|Week 2||The “European path” of the Italian Constitutional Court: the idea of “controlimiti” V. Barsotti, P.G. Carozza, M. Cartabia, A. Simoncini, Italian Constitutional Justice in Global Context, OUP, 2016, Part. II, Chapter 7, par 1-2.4|
(cases: Italian Constitutional court, decisions nos. 14/1964 183/1973, 170/1984)
The rank and the function of ECHR in the Italian Legal order V. Barsotti, P.G. Carozza, M. Cartabia, A. Simoncini, Italian Constitutional Justice in Global Context, OUP, 2016, Part. II, Chapter 7, par. 3
(cases: Italian Constitutional Court nos. 348-349/2007)
|Week 3||Courts in dialogue: the preliminary references by Italian Constitutional Court V. Barsotti, P.G. Carozza, M. Cartabia, A. Simoncini, Italian Constitutional Justice in Global Context, OUP, 2016, Part. II, Chapter 7, par. 2.5|
(cases: Italian Constitutional Court no. 103/2008 and 207/2013)
Courts in dialogue? The ECtHR as a subsidiary jurisdiction. The Protocol no. 16 to ECHR and the prior involvement of the Strasbourg Court A. Paprocka-M. Ziółkowski, Advisory Opinions Under Protocol No. 16 to the European Convention on Human Rights, European Constitutional Law Review, 2015, pp 274-292.
|Week 4||Constitutional law and economic crisis C. Kilpatrick, On the Rule of Law and Economic|
Emergency: The Degradation of Basic
Legal Values in Europe’s Bailouts, in Oxford Journal of Legal Studies, (2015), pp. 1–29
C. Fasone, Taking budgetary powers away from national parliaments? On parliamentary prerogatives in the Eurozone crisis, EUI WP
Democratic and constitutional principles in the EU A. Manzella, Foreword: a more effective, connected and democratic EU (paper uploaded on the e-learning platform)
The (attempt of) adhesion of the EU to the ECHR (opinions nos. 2/1994 and 2/2013) Editorial, The EU’s Accession to the ECHR – a “NO” from the ECJ!, in CMLR, 2015, 1-16
R. Calvano, Chi è la più bella del reame? Corte di giustizia e Corte di Strasburgo alla luce del parere 2/13 sull’adesione alla Cedu, Diritto pubblico europeo, 2015
|Week 5||Political Rights: political campaign Italian Constitutional Court, decision no. 28/2000|
US Supreme Court: Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission (only on 1st amendment)
Political Rights: electoral justice Italian Constitutional Court: decision no. 1/2014 (only on admissibility)
ECtHR, app. 55066/00 and 55638/00, Russian conservative party of entrepreneurs and others v. Russia
Political Rights: electoral thresholds in EP elections (national court cases in Germany and Italy) Italian Constitutional Court, decision no. 110/2015
German Constitutional Court, decisions BVerfGE 129, 300, on 9 November 2011, and BVerfGE 135, 259, on 26 February 2014.
G. Piccirilli, Maintaining a 4% Electoral Threshold for European Elections, in order to clarify the access to constitutional justice in the electoral matter – Italian Constitutional Court, Judgment of 14 May 2015 No. 110, forthcoming in European Constitutional Law Review, 2016.
ECtHR, app. 30386/05, Ekoglasnost v. Bulgaria
|Week 6||Access to justice|
(immunities and relation with international law: Kadi further Italian cases) CJEU: C-402/05 (Kadi)
Italian Constitutional Court: decision no. 238/2014
J.Kokott, The Kadi Case – Constitutional Core Values and International Law – Finding the Balance?, in European Journal of International Law, 2012
T.Groppi, La Corte costituzionale e la storia profetica, in Giurcost.org
|Week 7||The principle of Legality, an introduction|
(cases: MAE, Advocante) CJEU: C-303/05
Italian Constitutional Court: Order no. 109/08
J. Komarek, European constitutionalism and the European arrest warrant: in search of the limits of “contrapunctual principles”, CMLR, 2007
C. Pinelli, Interpretazione conforme (rispettivamente, a Costituzione e al diritto comunitario) e giudizio di equivalenza, in Giurisprudenza costituzionale, 2008
Legality and legislation in the European legal area ECtHR, app. 17214/05, 20329/05, 42113/04, Savino and others v Italy
ECtHR, app. 39748/98, Maestri v Italy
N. Lupo-G. Piccirilli, European Court of Human Rights and the Quality of Legislation: Shifting to a Substantial Concept of 'Law'?, in Legisprudence, 2012, vol. 6, pp. 229-242
|Week 8||Ne bis in idem and sanctions ECtHR, app. 18640/10, Grande Stevens|
CJEU: C- 129/14 Spasis
J. Vervaele, Schengen and Charter-related ne bis in idem protection in the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice:M and Zoran Spasic, CMLR,
G.M. Flick, Cumulo tra sanzioni penali e amministrative: doppio binario o binario morto? «Materia penale», giusto processo e ne bis in idem nella sentenza della Corte EDU, 4 marzo 2014, sul market abuse , in Rivista AIC, 2014
|Week 9||Non-discrimination: gender & electoral discipline Italian Constitutional court, decisions no. : 422/1995, 49/2003, 4/2010|
|Week 10||Legal certainty between EU and national Law CJEU: C-105/14 Taricco|
Tribunal of Milan, question of constitutionality submitted to the Italian Constitutional Court on the basis of Taricco judgement
|Week 11||Legal Privilege and professional secret CJEU: C-305/05|
ECtHR: app. 30460/13, AT vs Luxemburg,
A. Barletta, Il legal privilege come diritto fondamentale ed i suoi limiti, Forum costituzionale, 2008.
|Week 12||Access to environmental information (CJEU case: Aarhus) CJEU: C-240/09|
M. Eliantonio, Case C-240/09, Lesoochranárske zoskupenie VLK v. Ministerstvo životnéhoprostredia Slovenskej republiky,Judgment of the Court of Justice (Grand Chamber) of 8 March 2011, CMLR 2012